There is a huge diversity of flies with approximately 16 000 species known from the Afro-tropical region alone. The most familiar flies are from the Muscidae family which contains some 364 species in our region, the most familiar being the house fly (Musca domestica). Female house flies only need to mate once as they store sperm and produce about 500 eggs in batches of 75-150 on feces, carrion or food waste. The eggs hatch into maggots in less than 24 hours; in 2-5 days the maggots become pupae. The pupae can develop into adult flies in 2-6 days at 35°C, but this process is much slower at lower temperatures - 20+ days at 14°C. This explains why flies are so problematic around the hottest months of the year (October-December), as their life cycle can be completed in just 7-10 days! House flies live for approximately 28 days.
How serious is a fly problem?
Flies are well known vectors for the spread of diseases such as cholera, typhoid, salmonellosis, poliomyelitis and even leprosy. This is because they (typically M. domestica) feed on human excrement and waste and as they move around they easily spread pathogens and bacterium. Being flying insects they can move greater distances and so exacerbate the spread of disease more rapidly.
What are the signs of a fly problem?
Flies appearing in abundance when you are cooking and preparing meals, or numbers of flies accumulating inside your home is a sure sign that something should be done to reduce their numbers.
What we will do.
We carry out internal fly treatments that ensure flies do not build up inside your home and contaminate food items. These treatments do not stop flies from entering your home, but it does kill them shortly after doing so. Call us for a verbal quote.
We also offer regular fly treatment programs for horse stable yards, abattoirs and other settings that need constant fly management. Fly control programs are tailored to each situation and a free quote can outline what is required.
Mosquitoes are one of the most important groups of flies mainly because of their blood sucking abilities and associated disease transmission. There are 113 known species in the region. The most common species found are the house mosquitoes (Culex), bush mosquitoes (Aedes) and Malaria mosquitoes (Anopheles).
Mosquitoes lay their eggs in stagnant water bodies, which then hatch into larvae that feed on organic matter and algae. The larvae become pupa and then pupate into adults. It is the female of most mosquito species that requires a blood meal in order to produce eggs. When the female mosquito is feeding, her saliva is transferred into the host, and this is what often causes an itchy bump or rash. In the same way, pathogens are ingested and transmitted to new hosts making mosquitoes important vectors for the spread of Malaria, yellow fever, Chikungunya, West Nile, Dengue fever, Zika and other arboviruses. An adult mosquito can live as little as a week, or as long as several months which may include a winter diapause. Under ideal conditions their life cycle may be completed in as little as four days, but typically takes two weeks to complete; under less ideal conditions it may take a month.
How serious is a mosquito problem?
Mosquitoes feeding can cause itching and in some cases severe rashes, pathogens are also ingested and transmitted to new hosts making mosquitoes important vectors for the spread of Malaria, yellow fever, Chikungunya, West Nile, Dengue fever, Zika and other arboviruses. It is estimated that over 700 000 people are killed annually because of mosquito borne diseases and perhaps almost half the number of people that have ever lived have been killed in this manner!
What are the signs of a mosquito problem?
Excessive mosquito bites on your skin; noticing many mosquitoes flying about inside your home or a prevalence of the high pitched whine of mosquitoes flying about at night, are all signs that there is a mosquito problem.
What we will do.
We offer internal residual sprays and mosquito net treatments for prolonged mosquito control measures. The treatment residual activity lasts three months. This is an odourless residual spray treatment on all the internal walls of your home. Please note that is does not stop mosquitoes from flying inside, nor does it stop them from biting you; it works by killing the females before they are able to lay eggs post blood-meal. This is because they have to rest and digest half the blood meal after feeding, and this is where the control happens – reducing life cycles of mosquitoes overall. You should still utilize repellents, nets and use aerosol sprays for spatial treatments for best protection. We can also treat stagnant water bodies with larvicides to attack other stages of their life cycle; this is highly recommended and can be done in water bodies containing fish or even in drinking water.